In general terms pepper spray is chemical self defense tool usually found in an aerosol can and comes in various forms such as a stream, fogger, foam and even gel.
It is also defined by the percentage and one of three chemicals found in the ingredients. Regardless of what the chemical make-up is, they are all very effective in stopping an attacker.
When pepper spray touches the skin, the mucous membranes in the nose, throat and lungs swell immediately. The capillaries in the eyes instantly dilate which causes the person to become temporarily blind giving you time to run away. If the blindness doesn’t stop them the coughing will. You can barely catch your breath and on top of that your face is feels like it’s on fire.
So what exactly is in pepper spray that can incapacitate an attacker with one small spray? Let’s find out…
As I mentioned before there are three types of defensive sprays. They can be found alone in pepper spray or they can be combined for additional affects.
OC – this is probably one of the most common and popular forms of pepper spray. OC stands for Oleoresin Capsicum. The active ingredient is capsaicin which is derived from peppers. The remaining ingredients are mainly fillers. Capsaicin is not soluble in water. Victims are encouraged to blink excessively to produce tears that will flush your eyes and to not touch other body parts as to not spread the substance. There are wipes available to help remove the pepper spray.
CS – or tear gas is an agent that can be used alone or is also combined with OC spray for added affects. Even though there are about 15 types of tear gas, CS is most popular because has shown to be more effective including mild tearing to immediate vomiting to causing the victim to get in a submissively prone position. It is often used for riot control or to force people out of an area. CS can be found in aerosol canisters or can be deployed by grenades.
CN – is another form of tear gas available to and primarily used by military and police agencies. CN has fallen by the wayside as pepper spray works faster. CN has similar affects to CS gas and also include temporary loss of balance and even permanent skin damage. Affects of CN gas last longer than that of CS.
A place to find all types of pepper sprays for you to purchase for self defense or for training is here: www.tbotech.com/pepper-spray.htm
Once you decide on which type you want to carry, make sure you always have the can with you. It won’t help if it’s not there.